Vehicle Safety Mitigation Plan (VSMP)
Hostile Vehicle Mitigation (HVM) is a generic term. It initially focused on anti-terrorist protective measures that would often be deployed around high value buildings or public spaces/venues of particular significance. In more recent times, the HVM term has evolved and changed to Vehicle Safety Mitigation (VSM). VSM encompasses protective measures for both errant and hostile vehicles. An errant vehicle, is defined as a vehicle that is not in the correct control by its operator, this would include individuals who are under the influence of alcohol, drugs or suffering from a medical episode.
There are several types of barrier systems available that aim to separate vehicles from pedestrians. The most common of these are concrete barriers (jersey barriers) and water filled barriers, both of which are not rated for direct impact. The Meridian Archer 1200 Barrier is specifically engineered and certified to stop the direct head on impact from errant and hostile vehicles.
The use of a layered approach is integral to planning any VSM deployment. This includes using certified and appropriate barriers along with controlling other risk variables including vehicle speed.